A new study published in the British Medical Journal reports that the Mediterranean diet “helps reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 83 percent.” The research uses a flawed “Mediterranean Diet Scale” developed a few years ago to determine just how “Mediterranean” a person’s diet is. It’s a nine-point scale, and test subjects get a point for each aspect of their diet that falls within range. For example, a male who eats a certain quantity of fruit per week gets a fruit point. If he eats an amount of whole grains above a certain amount he gets a whole grain point. Falling outside the scale results in a zero. Getting a nine means someone has a perfectly “Mediterranean” diet. The scale is horribly flawed for four reasons:Mediterranean Diet

First of all, it concerns itself only with quantities of specific things, not quality. So nutrient-poor industrialized, toxin-compromised foods are given the same score as organic and nutrient-rich foods free from toxins.

Second, Mediterranean Diet research assumes that only diet, or only diet and exercise are factors in the superior health and longer lifespans of Mediterranean people, but as other research is showing, sunshine is another factor. This is a problem because Mediterranean diet research does not include advice to get more sun.

Third, with the exception of alcohol and saturated fats, the Mediterranean Diet Scale doesn’t concern itself with consumption or over consumption of unhealthy foods. So it’s possible to get a perfect 9 on the Mediterranean diet scale, and still consume huge amounts of cotton candy and Red Bull and every day.

Fourth, subjects get an alcohol point for consuming from one to three glasses of alcohol for men and slightly less for women. That means drinking zero alcohol — the healthiest option, assuming the rest of your diet is healthy — is treated the same as drinking a bottle of scotch every day. The upper end of this scale — three glasses per day — is enough to develop chronic alcoholism.

Also: The research presents Mediterranean food as a drug that “reduces the risk” of diabetes. In fact, the Mediterranean diet is simply closer to what people have eaten for millennia, and that our science-fiction industrialized modern diet *causes* diabetes and other diseases.

When scientists discovered that children were suffering from growth retardation and nervous system damage from eating lead paint, they didn’t say that “switching to paint that contains lower amounts of lead can help reduce nervous system damage by 83 percent.” No, they reported that lead causes the damage.

The same is true for industrialized diets: They *cause* diabetes, heart disease, obesity, cancer and other maladies.

Revewing 12-Second Sequence weight loss book, TODAY says that Wellness expert Jorge Cruise promises to reduce your waistline in just two weeks with his %26quot;12-Second Sequence%26quot; weight-loss program.

As the year is just out and many people’s New Year’s Resolution lists include weight loss after holiday and Christmas parties they will be made aware of many new diet and weight loss books and programs that make promises to address various parts of healthy eating and diet. One of them now is 12-Second Sequence book by Jorge Cruise telling you how can one shrink waistline in just two weeks.

One mother in Amazon.com reviewing 12-Second Sequence writes that “This workout is fantastic! I am a super busy mom and just tried the DVD last week. I felt it the next day and it only took me about 20 minutes 2x per week. He also wants you to add 20 mins of cardio on the other days. Very doable program and he is not too bad to look at either!!! Looked like he has had a lot of success with clients on program too. Will try joining his online club. Great diet plan you can get easy access too there as well as the book. Thanks again Jorge for another great, doable program.

Amazon.com – 10 Questions with Jorge Cruise about The 12-Second Sequence,,

1. What is the 12-Second Sequence,, and how does it work?
The 12-Second Sequence,, is a breakthrough new method to lose belly fat with resistance training. It uniquely combines two proven resistance techniques–slow cadence lifting and static contraction–to create my trademark method: Controlled Tension,, . My team and I spent years developing this method that dramatically reduces the average workout time. In just twenty minutes, you will get the equivalent of a two-hour workout. How is this possible? Well, Controlled Tension,, fatigues your muscle tissue faster than any other program available; when you create muscle fatigue, you are on your way to building new fat-burning lean muscle tissue, which is critical to sculpting and toning your body–and getting rid of that dreaded belly fat! With the 12-Second Sequence,, , you will see your waist shrink in two weeks. Plus, if you commit to the entire 8 weeks of the program, you will see your best body ever.

The plan consists of two 20-minute workouts per week. Those 20-minute workouts are made up of three circuits of four exercise moves, for a total of 12 moves per workout day. You’ll do 4 reps per move. Each move should take you 90 seconds and each circuit should take you 6 minutes, for a total of 18 minutes. I’ve thrown in 2 minutes of transition time for you.

2. Why is lean muscle tissue so crucial for weight loss?
Lean muscle tissue is the most metabolically active tissue on your body. Because it needs energy just to operate, it burns calories constantly–even when you’re doing nothing at all. This means that the more lean muscle tissue you have on your body, the more fat you burn every day. Plus, lean muscle is much more compact than fat so it actually makes you appear slimmer, and it’s what gives you great tone and definition.

3. Can you really burn up to 20 percent more calories every day? How does that work?
Yes. Using the average woman as an example, I will show you how it works. A woman who’s 5’4”, 160 pounds, naturally burns about 1,800 calories a day. When you strength train twice a week with the 12-Second Sequence,, , you burn 200 calories during each workout, already burning an extra 400 calories. Plus, when you strength train you create after-burn, which is the energy your body uses to return itself to a “resting state.” This energy burns an additional 400 calories each week.

Now, for the most powerful calorie-burning element–lean muscle tissue. When you add five pounds of lean muscle tissue to your body with the incredibly effective 12-Second Sequence,, workouts , you increase your calories burned each day by 250–that’s 1,750 more calories burned each week! Here’s a quick overview of how it all breaks down:

400 calories (from the workout)
400 calories (from the after-burn)
+ 1,750 calories (from lean muscle tissue)
____________________________
2,550 additional calories burned each week! = 20%

Eric Chopin was the winner of Biggest Loser, season 3, but has found it difficult to keep the weight off and gains weight. The reality show, Biggest Loser, takes overweight individuals and has them work with trainers to shed pounds. Eric Chopin weighed 407 pounds his first day on the show. During his participation in the show, he lost 214 lb to become the season’s winner.

Prior to the show at 407 lb, he had been diagnosed with a variety of weight related medical conditions including high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes.

Since leaving the show in December of 2006 he has slowly gained the 122 lb of the weight back. He was inspired by Oprah and her struggles with weight gain to come forth and talk about his own. This week when Oprah invited guests who had also publicly lost a lot of weight only to regain it, to appear on her show, Erik Chopin was one of those who accepted.

He told Oprah Winfrey that he has been hiding from the world because he was an inspiration to so many people that watched him on The Biggest Loser and felt like a fraud. He also talked about having a body lift surgery in 2007. He lost an additional 10 pounds of sagging skin with the surgery.

Erik Chopin believes he is addicted to food, eats to relieve psychic pain and that that is what caused his 122 pound weight gain. He has decided to return to a healthier lifestyle, eating healthier and working out. His goal this time is to get healthy and fit, not just to lose weight.

Weight Loss Surgery

Thresholds limiting weight loss (bariatric) surgeries to high-volume centers disproportionately restrict access for poor and underinsured patients, populations which are among the most in need of them, an analysis led by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers shows.

Government-imposed restrictions currently mandate a 125-case annual threshold for facilities permitted to perform bariatric surgeries under Medicare and Medicaid because some studies have identified better outcomes for centers performing large volumes of bariatric surgeries. But most bariatric surgeries for the poor – about 60 percent – are performed in low-volume centers.

“Restricting surgeries to high-volume centers has the effect of limiting bariatric surgery as an option for many poor and underinsured who rely on Medicare and Medicaid,” said Dr. Edward Livingston, senior author of the study appearing in the October edition of Archives of Surgery. “This is a population that stands to gain the most from bariatric surgery.”

Dr. Livingston is chairman of gastrointestinal and endocrine surgery at UT Southwestern and chairman of the Veteran’s Administration Central Office Bariatric Surgery Work Group.

Nearly three quarters of hospitals offering bariatric surgery are considered low-volume facilities under the 125-case threshold, thereby leaving few centers available for impoverished populations.

Yet low-income patients, particularly those in rural areas, may not be able to travel to the limited number of high-volume centers due to costs such as gas, access to public transportation or personal vehicles, or health matters that limit their travel, Dr. Livingston said.

Such restrictions further limit medical expertise for morbidly obese patients by reducing the number of hospitals well-equipped and properly staffed to handle the special needs of these cases. “Regionalization results in the global reduction of experience in managing obese patients at a time when obesity is rapidly increasing in the population,” the study notes.

Researchers led by Dr. Livingston reviewed 51,000 records involving weight-loss surgeries carried out in nearly 750 U.S. hospitals over a three-year span (2001-2003).

Researchers found that statistical sampling methods used in the handful of studies favoring high-volume centers skewed results by amplifying a small number of excess deaths in very low-volume facilities. Databases used in the studies typically had sparse information on individual patients’ backgrounds. Accounting for the specific health risks of patients, however, often eliminates the advantages seen for high-volume centers, the analysis showed.

Low-volume centers tend to accept higher-risk patients, while high-volume centers gravitate toward more lower-risk patients, the researchers found. In either case, the overall risk was small, as the survival rate at low-income centers was 99.66 percent.

“Restricting cases to high-volume centers isn’t going to have a profound effect in limiting the number of deaths, but would have a profound effect in limiting accessibility to bariatric surgery,” Dr. Livingston said. “More likely, the surgeon’s cumulative experience and access to multidisciplinary teams of doctors available before, during and after surgery result in better outcomes.”

Rather than limiting procedures to high-volume centers, bariatric programs should be judged by risk-adjusted outcomes, such as the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, he said.

That’s important because studies indicate that non-surgical therapies for morbidly obese patients are uniformly unsuccessful for sustained weight loss. In addition, despite increasing numbers of bariatric surgeries performed, they are still dwarfed by the eligible population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that nearly one-third of adult Americans – more than 60 million people – are obese, with nearly 5 percent of adults classified as extremely obese.

Bariatric surgeries, which are usually reserved for those more than 100 pounds overweight, can help not only with weight, but related health problems. Obese adults are at increased risk of diabetes, hypertension, stroke and even some cancers.

Weight-loss surgeries have become more common as obesity has increased, with more than 140,000 gastric bypass procedures now performed in the U.S. annually.

UT Southwestern’s Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery is one of only seven facilities in North America, and the only one in Texas, to be accredited by the American College of Surgeons. It has been named a Bariatric Surgery Center of Excellence by the American Society for Bariatric Surgery.

Fitness gurus say summer time is the best time for weight loss and women are asked not to give up diet.

Fitness expert Ashley Marriott and Marc L. Paulsen, MD want women to know that the Spring and Summer times are the periods when a women’s body is actually working in concert with them to lose weight – versus in the fall and winter when the body is sending out messages to pack it on.

Women, they say, who get discouraged because they didn’t meet their goals by their start-of-Summer deadline may be selling themselves short. Summertime is the time when the body’s hormones are actively motivating their bodies to get more active, increase their metabolism and burn that excess fat. So, weight loss during this period can actually be far easier.

The authors advise the following on diet and weight loss:

Examine your goal to insure that it’s realistic. Some fitness programs promise one pound or greater of weight loss per day, which is unhealthy, unrealistic and potentially dangerous. Use the Size 2 for Life frame-adjusted formula to set a realistic goal.

Examine your diet and, in most cases, those little “demon saboteurs” will become obvious (alcohol, chips, habitual nibbling, etc). Substitute healthy activities and exercise for habitual eating, but don’t push yourself too fast or too hard. Nothing will short-circuit a weight loss program faster than an injury.

Approach each day with a positive attitude regardless of any previous setbacks or disappointments.
The authors invite women to join Ashley’s free Tips & Share program by clicking on the link at Size2forlife.com

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